What is LPG?
LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) is a common source of energy in Afghanistan as a reliable means of cooking, heating and lighting. LPG is a colorless and scentless gas, however and scent is added to detect leaks by its odor. LPG is presented to the customer by refilling the LPG cylinders after refining of raw petroleum in refineries or by extracting LPG from natural resources. LPG is the combination of 70% butane, 30% propane. It is an explosive gas that is heavier than air.
LPG is a combined element of both liquid and gas. When the equipment attached to the LPG cylinder is being used the level of LPG in the cylinder starts to decline from top to the bottom. Liquid LPG fills the empty space in the cylinder by evaporating. Because LPG is a gas that is pressured to liquefy and its heating point being below zero, it evaporates easily in the idle temperature. Ease of evaporation differentiates LPG from other sources of fuel. LPG can be liquefied easily with application of pressure and thus can be stored in steel cylinders. Storability of LPG makes LPG superior among other sources of energy.
CAUTIONS TO BE CONSIDERED WHEN USING LPG
Caution! LPG CYLINDER USAGE
- Refill your Sun Gas cylinder only from Sun Gas dealers.
- Equipment to the cylinder larger than 2kg must be installed only by authorized dealers.
- Trade Marks of the dealer (Sun Gas) must be identified.
- Additionally cylinders must be covered by guarantee stamp cover.
- Rusty, obese, crushed, cut, worn off, cracked, and damaged cylinders must not be used.
- Cylinders and accessories (valves, pipes) must be of Sun Gas brand.
- Valves must not be misused; in order to use the cylinder properly it must not be left in a way that it could be affected by snow, rain, dust, oil, and rust.
- In order to avoid danger cylinders and its accessories must be used according to the usage instruction.
- Pipe being in between cylinder and equipment must be of one piece and should not exceed 1.5 meters.
- Pipe must be attached to the valve and to the equipment with pipe clip, old, cracked, softened, hardened and pipes due 3 years from its production date must be replaced with a new one.
- Substances that can easily get on fire such as paper, nylon, plastic, tulle cover, curtains etc should be kept away from the cooker’s reach.
- Cylinders should be placed straight and be used below the level of the equipment attached.
- Cylinders should not be left or used under the rays of sun, and should be placed at least 2m away from radiators and at least 4m away from heaters.
- If LPG cylinders are located in a small volume area and lacks circulation of air, frequent air circulation must be applied in these areas.
- Cylinders should not be used on cellar floors.
- If LPG cylinder in use and spare LPG cylinders are installed inside a cupboard, holes should be made in the lower part of the cupboard door. Spare cylinders should not be kept next to cylinder in use. A family must not have more than one cylinder.
- Any burning objects must be extinguished prior to installation of any equipment to the new LPG cylinder.
- After attaching the equipment to the new LPG cylinder leakages should be verified by applying soap foam along the attachment areas. Verification should not be implemented via open fire (matches, lighter).
- When there is a leak in case of valve, valve should be closed and in case of hood, hood must be closed and removed and should be submitted to the Sun Gas dealer.
- Excessive flow of air and overflow of food will extinguish the flame of the equipment and will leave unburned gas stored in the equipment. In such a case equipment valve must be closed first. Then air circulation should be applied by leaving windows and doors open in order to let the gas evaporate form the area. Without applying the procedures above equipment should not be used.
- LPG cylinders and equipments used with it must not be kept in the bedrooms while asleep. Camping lamps and heaters must not be left on when asleep.